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TIBET VIEWED AS A WORLD SYSTEM PROBLEM
Ever since H.H. The Dalai Lama proposed the Peace Plan
for the future status of Tibet in an address to the US
Congressional Human Rights Caucus, Tibet is being viewed as
a problem related to the evolution of an effective peace and
security system on a global basis. This is a fundamental
change and suggests that the time is ripe for an Integrated
Approach to the issues of Peace, Development and Human
Rights in Tibet. The subsequent address to the European
Parliament audience has strengthened the growing global
awareness of the problem.
RE-EMERGENCE OF THE UN AS A FORUM FOR DISPUTE SETTLEMENT
The Iraq-Iran war–settlement scenario suggests that
successful mediation by the UN is now a distinct possibility
in the Tibetan case, given patience and serious efforts to
utilise the evolving role of the UN in the management of
This is not to deny that the UN lost interest in the Tibet
problem over several decades. By there is today a return to
the UN peacekeeping role and a restoration of the UN’s
authority. We have to utilise the new opportunity to
restore Tibet to the UN Agenda and to suggest the importance
of a Tibetan solution for the new era of global harmony.
MIKHAIL GORBACHEV’S NEW INITIATIVE IN ASIA
In his Vladivostock speech in July 1986, Gorbachev
elaborated his views for the elimination of regional hotbeds
by means of political settlements. He also called for
creation of nuclear free zones, and he wanted to work
towards a constructive solution through an Asian conference.
Attention has focussed on Gorbachev’s
efforts to improve relations with China. But it is equally
clear that a solution of the Tibetan problem on the lines
suggested by H.H. The Dalai Lama falls within the scope of
Gorbachev’s new initiative : elimination of Tibet as a
regional hotbed and movement towards a political settlement
keeping in view the wishes of the Tibetan people; creation
of a nuclear free zone in Tibet; and the utilisation of the
contribution of the Tibetan people and HH The Dalai Lama for
the advancement of durable peace in Asia.
THE NEW PARADIGM OF INDIAN POLITICS
The redistribution of political power within the Indian
political system and the course of events for the period
leading to the next General Elections favours the positive
support to the proposals of HH The Dalai Lama. Apart from
the CPI(M) there is developing large scale support to the
Tibetan issue as an element in national policy.
The Indian political system has never been
monolithic. It was possible for Jai Prakash Narayan and C.
Rajagopalchari to utilise public opinion to change the
policies of the Government of India on crucial issues.
Today it is generally accepted that the ongoing
transformation in Indian politics at both the central and
state level will produce a more plausible role for Indian
public opinion to assert itself.
The Tibetan people and HH The Dalai Lama enjoy
massive support among the Indian people. It is generally
realised that peace cannot be maintained between India and
China unless the rights of the Tibetan people are restored.
Nobody in India believes in the so-called promises of the
Chinese government. In the Congress Party as well as in the
Opposition Parties the majority of the members are opposed
to Rajiv Gandhi’s forthcoming visit to Beijing. If the
China lobby can be exposed as anti-national, and HH Dalai
Lama’s peace plan can be projected as a practical plan for
lasting peace between India and China, the Indian political
forces will unite in supporting:
Human Rights for Tibetans: 2. Democratic Rights and Free
elections in Tibet: 3. Referring the Tibetan case to the
International Court of Justice: 4. De-militarisation of
Tibet: 5. Removal of nuclear weapons from Tibet: 6. Helping
the economic rehabilitation of Tibet: 7. The full
participation of Tibetans in all Asian forums: 8. The
fullest freedom to the Tibetan people to choose their own
political social, economic and religious system.
Admittedly some people in Government and outside are
afraid of China. But the Indian Army and defence
strategists are convinced that appeasement by India cannot
diminish tensions between China and India. When the US has
been compelled to leave Vietnam, the soviet Union has been
forced to leave Afghanistan, most serious defence
specialists in India believe that peaceful coexistence
between India and China is only possible with a Chinese
division to stop its illegal use of overt and covert
military force in Tibet.
The most serious minded Indian politicians
are of the view that a Rajiv visit to China on the lines of
Chamberlain’s appeasement policy in Munich will not save
India. True national security of India is dependent upon
the elimination of Chinese military arsenal from Tibet and
the restoration of Tibet as a human habitation for
The Congress Party and Government is
experiencing a serious crisis over the Tibet policy. On the
one hand the China Lobby is pushing for a Beijing visit by Rajiv for the purpose of appeasement. On the other hand the
senior Congress leaders remember that the Chinese are
untrustworthy and by putting his trust in them Jawaharlal
Nehru was led to political disaster and even to his physical
exhaustion and ultimate demise. They fear that Rajiv’s
China odyssey may result in total disaster, and they reject
the advice of some of the rash upstarts in the Party who
believe in quick-fixes.
Since the Allahabad election the Indian
political scene has changed. The influence of public
opinion on Indian politics has increased radically. The
Indian people will support the right of the Tibetan people
to find their own road to the future. What is needed is a
synchronisation in the development for Indian support for
the Tibetan cause.
5. ACTION PLAN
An immediate halt to all preparation for the proposed Rajiv
visit to Beijing. The Parliamentarians must be mobilised to
fight the appeasement lobby. The greed of a few
unscrupulous Indian politicians who are in the pay of the
Chinese must be exposed. India cannot be pushed to the
brink of ruin by sacrificing its vital interests in the
Himalayas. We need: (i) Publications (ii) Articles in the
Press (iii) Press Release (iv) Network of Parliament and
State legislatures to oppose the Rajiv visit.
A National discussion and support for HH The Dalai Lama’s
All for making the UN effective on the Tibet Issue
Linking the Delhi Declaration on Principles for a
Nuclear–Weapon–Free and Non-Violent World to the Tibet
Developing support for the Tibet issue in the SAARC area.
Utilise the emerging shift in US-USSR relations and the new
thinking of Mikhail Gorbachev for a new world outlook on
Developing the potentiality of Democratisation in Tibet: to
develop democracy among the Tibetans in exile to provide
moral ground for restoration of democracy in Tibet.
A Plan for Economic Development and Ecological Preservation
of Tibet keeping in view the interests of the Tibetans.